Artists & Painters

(Those listed are pertaining to the depiction of people/costume)

For early sources- illuminated manuscripts/art forms in churches

British:-

Holbein, Hans the Younger (1497-1543) German born but most known for his work at the English court.
Gower, George (1540-1596)
Hilliard, Nicholas (c.1547-1619)
Larkin, William (early 1580s-1619)
Oliver, Isaac (c.1565-1617)
van Dyck, Anthony (1599-1641) Flemish by birth but famous for English court subjects.
Jones, Inigo (1573-1652)
Janssens van Ceulen, Cornelis (c.1593-1661)
Kneller, Sir Godfrey (1646-1723)
Hogarth, William (1697-1764)
Devis, Arthur (1712-1787)
Gainsborough, Thomas (1727-1788)
Reynolds, Sir Joshua (1723-1792)
Wright, Joseph (1734-1797)
Morland, George (1763-1804)*rural
Romney, George (1734-1802)
Wheatley, Francis (1747-1801)
Opie, John (1761-1807)
West, Benjamin (1738-1812) American by birth but based in England.
Zoffany, Johann (1725-1810) German by birth but worked in England.
Hoppner, John (1758-1810)
Bigg, William Redmore (1755-1828)
Beechy, Sir William (1753-1839)
Gillray, James (1757-1815)
Lawrence, Sir Thomas (1769-1830)
Wilkie, David (1785-1841) *rural
Carpenter, Margaret Sarah (1793-1872)
Walker, Frederick (-1875) *rural
George, Cruikshank (1792-1878)
Burne-Jones, Sir Edward (1833-1898)
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel (1828-1882)
Morris, William (1834-1896)
Millais, Sir John Everett (1829-1896)
Du Maurier, George (1834-1896) *caricaturist
Keene, Charles Samuel (1823-1891) *illustrator
Frith, William Powell (1819-1909)
Greenaway, Kate (1846-1901) *illustrator
Tissot, Jacques James (1836-1902) French but later worked in Britain.
Whistler, James Abbott (1834-1903) American born but worked in Britain.
Frith, William Powell (1819-1909)
Orchardson, Sir William Quiller (1832-1910)
Hedley, Ralph (1848-1913) *rural/lower classes
Perugini, Charles Edward (1839-1918)
John, Augustus (1878-1961)

Irish:-

Buck, Adam (1759-1833)

American:-

Blackburn, Joseph (c.1730-1774?)
Feke, Robert (c.1705-1750)
Theiss, Jeremiah (c.1719-1774)
Pratt, Matthew (1734-1805)
Copley, John Singleton (1738-1815)
West, Benjamin (1738-1820)
Peale, Charles William (1741-1827)
Stuart, Gilbert (1755-1828)
Trumbull, John (1756-1843)
Ingham, Charles Cromwell (1796-1863) Dublin born, later settled in US.
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese (1791-1872)
Jewett, William (1795-1873)
Waldo, Samuel Lovett (1783-1861)
Mount, William Sidney (1807-1868) *rural
Bingham, George Caleb (1811-1879) *everyday life scenes
Healey, George Peter Alexander (1813-1894)
Eastman, Johnson (1824-1906) *rural
Homer, Winslow (1836-1910) *rural
Eakins, Thomas Cowperthwaite (1844-1916)
Sargent, Singer (1856-1925)
Cassatt, Mary Stevenson (1844-1926)
Frost, A.B. (1851-1928) *illustrator
Gibson, Charles Dana (1867-1944) *illustrator

Canadian:-

Hamel, Theophile (1817-1870)
Plamondon, Antoine (1804-1895)

Italian:-

Cimabue (1240-1302)
Duccio (c.1255-1319)
Giotto (c.1266-1337)
Martini, Simone (c.1284-1344)
Orcagna, Andrea (c.1308-1368)
Masaccio, Tommaso Cassio (1401-1428)
Pisanello, Antonio (c.1395-1455/6)
Lippi, Fra Filippo (c.1406-1469)
Uccello, Paolo (1397-1475)
Gozzoli, Benozzo (c.1421-1497)
Piero della Francesca (c.1410/20-1492)
Ghirlandaio, Domenico Bigordi (1449-1494)
Botticelli, Sandro (c.1445-1510)
Bellini, Giovanni (c.1430-1516)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Raphael (1483-1520)
Signorelli, Luca (c.1445-1523)
Carpaccio, Vittore (c.1460/65-1523/6)
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)
Bronzino, Agnolo (1503-1572)
Titian (c.1488/90-1576)
Moroni, Giovanni Battista (c.1525-1578)
Veronese, Paolo Caliari (1528-1588)
Tintoretto, Jacopo (1518-1594)
Caravaggio, Michelangelo (1571-1610)
Reni, Guido (1575-1642)
Ceruti, Giacomo (1698-1767)
Teipolo, Giovanni Battista (1696-1770)
Longhi, Pietro (1702-1785)
Longhi, Alessandro (1733-1813)

French:-

de Limbourg, Paul/Johan/Herman (active early 1400s) Dutch but known for their work in France.
Fouquet, Jehan (c.1420-c.1481)
Clouet, Jean II (1480-1541)
Clouet, Francois (1510-1572)
Callot, Jacques (c.1592/3-1635)
La Tour, Georges de (1593-1652)
Le Nain Brothers- Antoine (c.1588-1648)/Louis (c.1593-1648)/Mathieu (c.1607-1677)*rural
Champaigne, Philippe de (1602-1674) Born in Brussels but worked in Paris.
Bosse, Abraham (1602-1676)
Le Brun Charles (1619-1690)
Mignard, Pierre (1612-1695)
Watteau, Jean-Antoine (1684-1721)
Rigaud, Hyacinthe (1659-1743)
Lancret, Nicholas (1690-1743)
Largillierre Nicholas de (1656-1746)
Nattier, Jean-Marc the Younger (1685-1766)
Boucher, Francois (1703-1770)
Drouais, Francois-Hubert (1727-1775)
Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Simeon (1699-1779)
Latour, Maurice-Quentin de (1704-1788)
Liotard, Jean-Etienne (1702-1789)
Fragonard, Jean-Honore (1732-1806)
Greuze, Jean-Baptiste (1725-1805)
David, Jacques-Louis (1748-1825)
Gros, Baron Antoine Jean (1771-1835)
Gerard, Baron Francois (1770-1837)
Boilly, Louis-Leopold (1761-1845)
Vigee-Le Brun, Marie Louise Elisabeth (1755-1842)
Isabey, Jean-Baptiste (1767-1855)
Delacroix, Ferdinand-Victor Eugene (1798-1863)
Vernet, Emile-Jean Horace (1789-1863)
Gavarni, Paul (1804-1866)
Ingres, Jean August Dominique (1780-1867)
Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille (1796-1875) *rural
Millet, Jean-Francois (1814-1875) *rural
Courbet, Gustave (1819-1877)
Manet, Edouard (1832-1883)
Dore, Gustave (1832-1883) *engravings of London poverty
Toulouse-Lautrec, Compte Henri Marie Raymond de (1864-1901)
Tissot, James Joseph Jacques (1836-1902)
Cezanne, Paul (1839-1906)
La Touche, Gaston (1854-1913)
Degas, Hilaire Edgar Germain (1834-1917)
Renoir, Pierre Auguste (1841-1919)
Jeanniot, Pierre George (1848-1934)
Beraud, Jean (1849-1935)
Aublet, Albert (1851-1938)
Prinet, Rene Francois Xavier (1861-1946)
Bonnard, Pierre (1867-1947)

Netherlands/Flemish/Belgian:-

Eyck, Jan van (c.1380-1441)
Weyden, Roger van der (c.1399-1464)
Bruegel, Pieter (c.1525-1569)
Memling, Hans (c.1430-1494)
Mor, Anthonis (c.1517-1577)
Pourbus, Frans the Elder (1545-1581)
Gheeraerts, Marcus the Younger (c.1561/2-1636) *worked in the English court
Brouwer, Adriaen (c.1605-1638)
Rubens, Sir Peter Paul (1577-1640)
Van Dyck, Sir Anthony (1599-1641) *known for his work at the english court
Honthorst, Gerrit van (1590-1656)
Hals, Frans (c.1582-1666)
Hooch, Pieter de (1629-?1684)
Helst, Bartholomeus van der (1590-1670)
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
Vermeer, Jan (1632-1675)
Steen, Jan (1626-1679)
Ter Borch, Gerard (1617-1681)
Ostade, Adrien van (1610-1685) *rural
Hamme, van Alexis (1818-1875) *rural
Teniers, David II the Younger (1610-1690) *rural/peasantry
Stevens, Alfred (1823-1906)

German:-

Durer, Albrecht (1471-1528) *peasantry
Grunewald (c.1470-1528)
Cranach, Lucas the Elder (c.1472-1553)
Closterman, John (1660-1711)
Tischbein, Johann Valentin (1715-1768)
Anton de Peters, Johann (1725-1795)
Zoffany, Johann (1733-1810) *active mainly in England
Berczy, William (1744-1813)
Friedrich, Caspar David (1774-1840)
Stieler, Joseph Karl (1781-1858)
Winterhalter, Franz (1806-1873)
Spitzweg, Carl (1808-1885)

Austrian:-

Waldmulller, Ferdinand Georg (1793-1865)

Swedish:-

Larsson, Carl (1853-1919)

Spanish:-

Sanchez Coello, Alonso (c.1532-1588)
El Greco (1541-1614)
Ribera, Jusepe (c.1591-1652)
Velasquez, Diego Rodriquez de Silva (1599-1660)
Zubaran, Francisco de (1598-1664)
Murillo, Bartholome Esteban (c.1617-1682)
Goya, Francisco Jose de (1746-1828)
Balaca, Jose (1800-1869)
Sala, Emilio (1850-1910)

Russian:-

Matveyev, Andrey (1701-1739)
Nitikin, Ivan Nikitich (1690-1741)
Antropov, Alexei (1716-1795)
Rokotov, Fyodor (1736-1808)
Levitsky, Dmitry (1735-1822)
Borovikovsky, Vladimir (1757-1825)
Kiprensky, Orest (1782-1836)
Bryullov, Karl (1799-1852)
Tropinin, Vasily (1776-1857)
Timm, Vasily (1820-1895)
Serov, Valentin (1865-1911)